Interior design is to create function reasonable, beautiful and comfortable, to meet people’s material and spiritual living needs on interior environment by applying the methods of substance technology and the principles of architectural design according to the building’s using properties, the surrounding environment and corresponding standard. This space environment both have using values to meet the relevant functional requirements and reflect the spiritual elements of historic context, building style and environmental atmosphere. Concisely to regard “ creating an interior environment which satisfy people’s material and spiritual living needs” as the purpose of interior design.
It is not very long time that interior design as a new course. But It is existed from the beginning of human civilization that people consciously arrange the house of they own living in and proceeding activities, even beautify decorations, endow comfortable atmosphere for interior environment. Since the start of the architect, the progress of interior design produced at the same time. So, study in the history of interior design is to study the history of architect.
Interior design is a preparation work to meet certain construction purpose, is a value-added preparation work to proceeding deeply on the existing interior space of the building. The purpose of it is to let the specific material in the aspect of technology and economy to form a can-be-prepared work of the qualified products under the limited condition of feasibility. It needs the knowledge of engineering technology and the theory, skill in art. Interior design is evolved from the decoration part of the architect design. It is the recreation to the building’s interior environment. Interior design can be divided into two parts: public building space and household. When we refer to the interior design, many important terms would be mentioned. Such as, generatrix, space, color and function, etc. Interior design widely indicates that any relevant items can be planned in the house practically: wall, window, curtain, door,light, air-conditioner, furniture and decorations, for instance.